Tube dependency is recognized as an unintended result of longterm tube feeding in infants and young children. The condition involves disturbing side effects such as vomiting, gagging, and active food refusal. It prevents infants from making the transition from tube to oral feeding and from starting to learn to eat in the absence of any medical indication for continuation of enteral feeding.
The authors set up recommendations for the prevention of tube dependency and suggest guidelines for weaning tube-dependent children based on the results of the Graz program and satellite programs using a similar model.
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